King's or Queen's Bench

King's or Queen's Bench
King's (Queen's) Bench
One of the superior courts of common law in England, being so called because the king (or queen) used formerly to sit there in person, the style of the court being "coram ipso rege."
It was called the "queen's bench" in the reign of a queen, and during the protectorate of Cromwell it was styled the "upper bench."
It consisted of a chief justice and three puisne justices, who were by their office the sovereign conservators of the peace and supreme coroners of the land. It was a remnant of the aula regis, and was not originally fixed to any certain place, but might follow the king's person, though for some centuries past it usually sat at Westminster. It had a very extended jurisdiction both in criminal and civil causes; the former in what was called the "crown side" or "crown office," the latter in the "plea side," of the court. Its civil jurisdiction was gradually enlarged until it embraced all species of personal actions. By the Judicature Act of 1873 the jurisdiction of this court was assigned to the Queens Bench Division of the High Court of Justice.

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • King's or Queen's Bench — King s (Queen s) Bench One of the superior courts of common law in England, being so called because the king (or queen) used formerly to sit there in person, the style of the court being coram ipso rege. It was called the queen s bench in the… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Court of King's or Queen's Bench — Court of King s (or Queen s) Bench In English law, the supreme court of common law in the kingdom; merged in the Supreme Court by the Judicature Act, 1873, No. 6. It was one of the successors of the curia regis and received its name, it is said,… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Court of King's or Queen's Bench — Court of King s (or Queen s) Bench In English law, the supreme court of common law in the kingdom; merged in the Supreme Court by the Judicature Act, 1873, No. 6. It was one of the successors of the curia regis and received its name, it is said,… …   Black's law dictionary

  • King's or Queen's coroner and attorney — King s (Queen s) coroner and attorney In England, an officer of the court of king s (or queen s) bench, usually called the master of the crown office, whose duty it was to file informations at the suit of a private subject by direction of the… …   Black's law dictionary

  • King's or Queen's coroner and attorney — King s (Queen s) coroner and attorney In England, an officer of the court of king s (or queen s) bench, usually called the master of the crown office, whose duty it was to file informations at the suit of a private subject by direction of the… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Queen's Bench — Queen Queen, n. [OE. quen, quene, queen, quean, AS. cw[=e]n wife, queen, woman; akin to OS. qu[=a]n wife, woman, Icel. kv[=a]n wife, queen, Goth. q[=e]ns. [root]221. See {Quean}.] 1. The wife of a king. [1913 Webster] 2. A woman who is the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Queen's Bench — n: a division of the High Court of Justice of England and Wales that hears civil cases (as commercial cases) and appeals of criminal cases used during the reign of a queen compare king s bench Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster …   Law dictionary

  • Queen's Bench — King s (Queen s) Bench One of the superior courts of common law in England, being so called because the king (or queen) used formerly to sit there in person, the style of the court being coram ipso rege. It was called the queen s bench in the… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Queen's Bench — King s (Queen s) Bench One of the superior courts of common law in England, being so called because the king (or queen) used formerly to sit there in person, the style of the court being coram ipso rege. It was called the queen s bench in the… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Queen's Bench Division — ˌQueen s ˈBench 7 [Queen s Bench] (also ˌQueen s ˈBench Division) noun singular part of the UK High Court   …   Useful english dictionary

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